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  Scopus ID: 21100926589

Investigate the Thermal Analysis of Copper and Low Carbon Welding Through Friction Stir Welding Process

Abdullah Syed and Mohammad Nizamuddin Inamdar


Through the use of the friction stir welding (FSW) procedure, the purpose of this work is to conduct research on the thermal analysis of welding copper and low carbon. Copper is a metal that is malleable, ductile, and pliable in addition to having a high level of conductivity. In addition to that, its melting point is not particularly high. In addition to this, it participates in the transfer of both heat and energy. Low-carbon steel, which is an alloy, is mostly made up of ferrous, which is a type of metal. Altering the proportion of these two components can result in a broad variety of changes to their mechanical and electrical properties. The necessary welding equipment for FSW have been designed with the help of SOLIDWORKS, and the temperature distributions across the weld zones have been analysed with the ABAQUS program. The necessary fixture for FSW is fabricated in accordance with the specifications of the machine. Tungsten carbide was employed as the material for the tools, and copper and stainless-steel type 304 were used for the foundation plates. During each trial of the FSW process, the temperature distributions throughout the weld line region of the Cu-304SS joints are recorded and analysed. With the square pin profile of a tungsten carbide tool, high ultimate tensile strength and impact strength were achieved due to the maximum temperature at weld sites. These results were achieved at a tool rotating speed of 1200 rpm, with a feed rate of 20 mm/min, and with a tungsten carbide tool.

Published on: October 30, 2023
doi: 10.17756/nwj.2023-s3-116
Citation: Syed A, Inamdar MN. 2023. Investigate the Thermal Analysis of Copper and Low Carbon Welding Through Friction Stir Welding Process. NanoWorld J 9(S3): S633-S636.

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