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  Scopus ID: 21100926589

Numerical Analysis of the Building Energy Efficiency Using Two Different HVAC Systems: Variable Refrigerant Flow and Variable Air Volume Technologies

Niima Es-sakali, Samir Idrissi Kaitouni, Mohamed Oualid Mghazli, Moha Cherkaoui and Jens Pfafferott

Abstract

Variable refrigerant flow (VRF) and variable air volume (VAV) systems are considered among the best heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems (HVAC) thanks to their ability to provide cooling and heating in different thermal zones of the same building. As well as their ability to recover the heat rejected from spaces requiring cooling and reuse it to heat another space. Nevertheless, at the same time, these systems are considered one of the most energy-consuming systems in the building. So, it is crucial to well size the system according to the building’s cooling and heating needs and the indoor temperature fluctuations. This study aims to compare these two energy systems by conducting an energy model simulation of a real building under a semi-arid climate for cooling and heating periods. The developed building energy model (BEM) was validated and calibrated using measured and simulated indoor air temperature and energy consumption data. The study aims to evaluate the effect of these HVAC systems on energy consumption and the indoor thermal comfort of the building. The numerical model was based on the Energy Plus simulation engine. The approach used in this paper has allowed us to reach significant quantitative energy saving along with a high level of indoor thermal comfort by using the VRF system compared to the VAV system. The findings prove that the VRF system provides 46.18% of the annual total heating energy savings and 6.14% of the annual cooling and ventilation energy savings compared to the VAV system.

Published on: September 29, 2023
doi: 10.17756/nwj.2023-s2-066
Citation: Es-sakali N, Kaitouni SI, Mghazli MO, Cherkaoui M, Pfafferott J. 2023. Numerical Analysis of the Building Energy Efficiency Using Two Different HVAC Systems: Variable Refrigerant Flow and Variable Air Volume Technologies. NanoWorld J 9(S2): S389-S395.

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