Indexed In Scopus
  Scopus ID: 21100926589

A Systematic Review of Thermal Energy Storage and Phase Change Materials

Dinesh Kumar Saini and Chandrashekara M

Abstract

An efficient solution to reach the demand for energy supply by implementing surplus solar energy, which is voluntarily available. An important class of modern materials, phase change materials (PCMs), is utilized to store available thermal energy from the sun. It can be stored in sensible and latent heat, considerably enhancing the effective use and conservation of waste heat, i.e., solar power. Utilizing thermal energy storage with PCMs has recently drawn much attention from the research community. Despite the storage method for sensible and latent heat that offers to store the higher energy density with a minimum temperature difference in its storage and release of heat. The paper integrates information on thermal energy storage needs and classifies some important PCMs with their types and properties. This article also includes a detailed description of organic PCMs like Paraffin and fatty acids, inorganic PCMs like salts and their salt hydrates and metallics, and eutectic PCMs. Also, discuss the PCM preparation techniques like macro and nanoencapsulation and composite PCMs (made using carbon filler and nanoparticles) to enhance the thermal conductivity of PCMs.

Published on: April 20, 2023
doi: 10.17756/nwj.2023-s1-071
Citation: Dinesh KS, Chandrashekara M. 2023. A Systematic Review of Thermal Energy Storage and Phase Change Materials. NanoWorld J 9(S1): S364-S368.

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